A two-part film on Benito Mussolini and fascism, presented for the first time in colour. It is the story of fascism's violent roots, and its dream of restoring the glories of the Roman Empire. Benito Mussolini became well known as the leader of the National Fascist Party and the main founder of fascism after his return from WWI. The war had altered his outlook on life; once a reformer, he became obsessed with the idea of power and started to refer to himself as Il Duce. His apparent successes and glorification of violence encouraged Adolf Hitler to organise Germany on the same fascist principles.