Reducing, Refining and Replacing the Use of Animals in Toxicity Testing (Issues in Toxicity) by Dave Allen
English | 2013 | ISBN: 1849736529 | ISBN-13: 9781849736527 | 432 pages | PDF | 5,6 MB
Toxicity testing is used to assess the safety or hazards presented by substances such as industrial chemicals, consumer products, and pharmaceuticals. At present, many methods involve laboratory animals. Alternative procedures, some involving human cell-based technologies, are now being developed which reduce, refine, or replace animal usage and minimize the pain and distress caused.