Medicine Becomes a Science: 1840-1999 (The History of Medicine) by Kate Kelly
English | Jan 2010 | ISBN: 0816072094 | 168 Pages | PDF | 15 MB
Scientists did not know what made people sick more than 150 years ago. There were many theories of how and why illness spread, but none of them were accurate. Though very primitive microscopes had permitted the examination of bacteria as early as the 1660s, it was not until the mid-19th century that bacteria's contribution to the spread of illness was understood. It was during this time that surgeons routinely examined patients in the morning and then performed surgeries in the afternoon - without wearing gloves or washing their hands first. Physician Ignaz Semmelweis made the connection between the lack of cleanliness and the spread of infection, which eventually drove Scottish physician Joseph Lister to push for greater sanitation in hospitals. "Medicine Becomes a Science" provides readers with a solid grounding for understanding medicine today.