A Friendly Introduction to Mathematical Logic by Christopher C. Leary English | 2000 | ISBN: 0130107050 | ASIN: B007BNIXL2 | 241 Pages | PDF | 7 MB
This book covers the central topics of first-order mathematical logic in a way that can reasonably be completed in a single semester. FVom the core ideas of languages, structures, and deductions we move on to prove the Soundness and Completeness Theorems, the Compactness Theorem, and Godel's First and Second Incompleteness Theorems. There is an introduction to some topics in model theory along the way, but I have tried to keep the text tightly focused.
Flawed, misleading, and false arguments are everywhere. From advertisers trying to separate you from your money, to politicians trying to sway your vote, to friends who want you to agree with them, your belief structure is constantly under attack.
A Concise Introduction to Mathematical Logic (Universitext) by Wolfgang Rautenberg English | March 29, 2006 | ISBN: 1846284864 | 272 Pages | PDF | 2 MB
Traditional logic as a part of philosophy is one of the oldest scientific disciplines. Mathematical logic, however, is a relatively young discipline and arose from the endeavors of Peano, Frege, Russell and others to create a logistic foundation for mathematics.
A New Introduction to Modal Logic by M.J. Cresswell Routledge | September 20, 1996 | English | ISBN: 0415125995 | 432 pages | PDF | 20 MB
This long-awaited book replaces Hughes and Cresswell's two classic studies of modal logic: An Introduction to Modal Logic and A Companion to Modal Logic. A New Introduction to Modal Logic is an entirely new work, completely re-written by the authors. They have incorporated all the new developments that have taken place since 1968 in both modal propositional logic and modal predicate logic, without sacrificing tha clarity of exposition and approachability that were essential features of their earlier works.
Understanding Arguments: An Introduction to Informal Logic, 8 edition by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Robert J. Fogelin English | 2009 | ISBN: 0495603953 | 560 pages | PDF | 3 MB
Construct effective arguments with UNDERSTANDING ARGUMENTS: AN INTRODUCTION TO INFORMAL LOGIC, 8th Edition. Primarily an introduction to informal logic, this text provides a guide to understanding and constructing arguments in the context of academic studies and subsequent professional careers.