12th Century

Lionheart - Paris 1200: Perotin & Leonin - Chant & Polyphony from 12th Century France (1998)

Lionheart - Paris 1200: Perotin & Leonin - Chant & Polyphony from 12th Century France (1998)
EAC | FLAC | Image (Cue&Log) ~ 305 Mb (incl 5%) | Mp3 (CBR320) ~ 187 Mb (incl 5%) | Scans included
Genre: Classical, Sacred, Chants | Label: Nimbus Records | # NI5547 | Time: 01:13:52

Conductus, organum, and discantus may not be words in your everyday vocabulary, but these terms identify musical forms that defined everyday musical activity during one of music history's most fruitful periods. The 12th century in France, especially in Paris–the artistic, educational, and religious center of Western Europe–saw enormous progress in the arts, architecture, and education. Not surprisingly, technical and theoretical aspects of music advanced as well. On this disc, the six-voice men's ensemble Lionheart demonstrates in vivid, rich vocal tones the sometimes stark but always powerful sound of Medieval chant and its expanded two- and three-part forms. The liner notes give clear explanations of the compositions and provide the listener with meaningful historical context. But listening to these excellent voices is not just an educational experience. The music has an inherent purity, sensuality, and honesty that's refreshing and reassuring.

Sequentia - Music from Aquitanian Monasteries, 12th. century  

Posted by sequentiam at Jan. 30, 2009
Sequentia - Music from Aquitanian Monasteries, 12th. century

Sequentia - Music from Aquitanian Monasteries, 12th. century
FLAC (660 MB) - booklets (54 MB) | OGG·160Kbps (167 MB)
Deutsche Harmonia Mundi (1996-97) / medieval
Sleepwalking into a New World: The Emergence of Italian City Communes in the Twelfth Century

Sleepwalking into a New World: The Emergence of Italian City Communes in the Twelfth Century: The Emergence of Italian City Communes in the Twelfth Century (The Lawrence Stone Lectures) by Chris Wickham
English | Jan 25, 2015 | ISBN: 0691148287 | ASIN: B00P6ZJ6O0 | 311 Pages | EPUB/MOBI/AZW3/PDF (Converted) | 6 MB

"Wickham's expert analysis and meticulous academic approach build on previous. Limited examinations and substantial documentation to turn established research on its head, as he presents a fresh look into how communes in the mid-12th century successfully prepared Italian power structures for the cultural significance they would later have." - Publishers Weekly
Hildegard v. Bingen & Herrad v. Landsberg - Hortus Deliciarum: twefth-century gregorian chants (2004)

Hildegard v. Bingen & Herrad v. Landsberg - Hortus Deliciarum: twefth-century gregorian chants
Discantus / Brigitte Lesne
EAC+LOG+CUE | FLAC: 246 MB | Full Artwork | 5% Recovery Info
Label/Cat#: Naive, Opus111 # OP 30390 | Country/Year: France 2004
Genre: Classical | Style: Medieval, Sacred

…The unison singing is quite remarkable for its clarity and smoothness. The singers have discovered, too, how to manage repercussions, subtly but entirely convincingly. The ordering of the recital, with its frequent use of First Mode pieces juxtaposed, and its judicious groupings, is successful and never monotonous. The listener is left with a good sense of how sacred music was developing in the 12th century by leaps and bounds in so many directions, even to the extent of cantillated readings being occasionally sung in three parts.

Last Of the Viking Heroes TPB - Limited Edition  Comics

Posted by mikestoke at June 20, 2016
Last Of the Viking Heroes TPB - Limited Edition

Last Of the Viking Heroes TPB - Limited Edition
English | CBR | 104 pages | 90.46 MB

Near the end of the 12th century, the Vikings as we know them ceased to exist. Their barbaric blood had been diluted over the centuries and they had become more civilized. Violence became frowned upon and bold displays of it were outlawed. Decrees of all kinds were established to govern and control the people’s actions. Struggling to adapt in this new era and retain their strong belief in loyalty and honor in battle are the “The Last of the Viking Heroes.” These four valiant friends fight for survival in the changing times of the 12th century… Prince Sven, last of the Viking royalty, Erik, the swashbuckling Ladies’ man, Jon, the magician, and Tomgar, the half-native American warrior, cut a swath of action and adventure through mystical kingdoms of yore priding themselves on the warriors code of loyalty and honor.
The Arabic Lexicographical Tradition: From the 2nd/8th to the 12th/18th Century (repost)

Ramzi Baalbaki, "The Arabic Lexicographical Tradition: From the 2nd/8th to the 12th/18th Century"
2014 | ISBN-10: 9004273972 | 489 pages | PDF | 10 MB

The Arabic Lexicographical Tradition: From the 2nd/8th to the 12th/18th Century  eBooks & eLearning

Posted by Underaglassmoon at Dec. 17, 2014
The Arabic Lexicographical Tradition: From the 2nd/8th to the 12th/18th Century

The Arabic Lexicographical Tradition: From the 2nd/8th to the 12th/18th Century
English | Lexicography | May 28, 2014 | ISBN-10: 9004273972 | 489 pages | pdf | 2 mb

A comprehensive and methodologically sophisticated history of Arabic lexicography, this book fills a serious gap in modern scholarship.

English Castles 1200-1300 (Fortress 86) (repost)  

Posted by interes at March 11, 2013
English Castles 1200-1300 (Fortress 86) (repost)

English Castles 1200-1300 (Fortress 86) by Christopher Gravett and Adam Hook
English | ISBN: 1846033748 | 2009-07-21 | PDF | 64 pages | 27 Mb

The simple castles raised after the Norman conquest had been developed throughout 11th and 12th centuries, whilst the introduction of Islamic and Byzantine fortification techniques from the late 12th century led to further developments in castle architecture.
These fortifications were to be well tested throughout the course of the 13th century as England was riven by the conflict, characterized by prolonged sieges, between the monarchy and powerful magnates. As well as providing the focus for warfare, castles increasingly became the centres of their communities, providing a more permanent base for the lord, his family and retainers, as well as acting as centres for justice and administration.

English Castles 1200-1300 (Fortress 86)  

Posted by colorados at Sept. 5, 2010
English Castles 1200-1300 (Fortress 86)

English Castles 1200-1300 (Fortress 86)
Publisher: Osprey | ISBN: 1846033748 | 2009-07-21 | PDF | 64 pages | 25 Mb

The simple castles raised after the Norman conquest had been developed throughout 11th and 12th centuries, whilst the introduction of Islamic and Byzantine fortification techniques from the late 12th century led to further developments in castle architecture.
These fortifications were to be well tested throughout the course of the 13th century as England was riven by the conflict, characterized by …
Behavioral Approaches for Children and Adolescents: Challenges for the Next Century

Philip C. Kendall, Jan H. Slavenburg, Henk P.J.G. van Bilsen, "Behavioral Approaches for Children and Adolescents: Challenges for the Next Century"
1995 | pages: 177 | ISBN: 1475794088 | PDF | 11,6 mb